Seminar-Building a home the V. cholerae way: biophysics of bacterial biofilms

THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
Department of Microbiology and Immunology
presents a seminar by:
Dr. Jing Yan
Burroughs Wellcome Research Fellow at the Scientific Interface, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering & Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University
entitled:
Building a home the V. cholerae way: biophysics of bacterial biofilms

Candidate for Faculty Position

Biofilms are surface-associated bacterial communities embedded in an extracellular matrix. Bacterial biofilms can cause chronic infections and they clog pipes and filters in industry. Investigations to date have primarily focused on the genetic and regulatory features driving biofilm formation. In this seminar, I will discuss how I have used Vibrio cholerae as a model biofilm former to reveal the biophysical and biomechanical principles underlying biofilm formation. I will present a new technology to image living, growing bacterial biofilms at single-cell resolution. I will use this imaging technique to investigate how cell growth, cell-cell adhesion, and cell-surface adhesion, collectively, determine the global biofilm architecture. I will show how matrix production drives biofilm expansion and excludes cheater cells. Finally, I will discuss efforts to measure the material properties of biofilms. I will show how understanding biofilms as living materials enabled the development of methods for their removal.

Sponsored by:

The Department of Microbiology and Immunology

Monday, February 26, 2018 - 12:30pm to 1:30pm

Location:
Life Sciences Centre, LSC 3
2350 Health Sciences Mall
Hosted by
Dr. Steven Hallam